Bodhgaya mandir bihar | gaya tour travel guide | tourist places facts India
Bodhgaya Mandir, Bihar tourism
In this Bodhgaya tour guide, you can easily explore all the tourist attraction in Bodhgaya Bihar. We stayed in Bodhgaya for 2 days. But it’s not sufficient I believe. Most interesting part is all the places in Bodhgaya is not so far, Within 2 to 5 km all the tourist places can be explore. The Bodhgaya Mandir ( Mahabodhimain temple) is the prime attraction here. All the places are very neat and clean. Let’s go to those temple of Buddhist monastery and explore it through my eyes.
Our Holiday Story
We started our journey from Howrah station. It’s a family tour with 4 people. Our train is Jodhpur Express, timing was at 11.30 pm; We reached Howrah station 2 hours before and reached Gaya at a 5.30 am. From Gaya station, we hired an auto rickshaw for Buddagaya and it took 200 rupees. The distance between Gaya railway station and Bodhgaya is 16.8 km. We reached our hotel, complete breakfast, take rest for a while and started our tour. We again hired an auto rickshaw for 200 rupees for Sujata garh.
Kolkata to Buddha gaya, Rajgir tour cost
|Place||Fare for 4||Per person|
|Howrah to Gaya||1180||295|
|Gaya to buddhagay by auto||150||37.5|
|hotel in buddhagaya 2 day’s||2800||1400|
|Food in buddhagaya 1st day||1900||475|
|Side seen Buddhagaya auto fare||300||75|
|Buddhagay to gaya ( auto with return)||450||112.5|
|Vishnupad temple puja||200||50|
|Shopping at Gaya||500||125|
|Lunch in Gaya and return||400||100|
|Buddhaya side seen by toto (2nd day)||140||35|
|Shopping at Buddhagaya||300||75|
|Dinner at buddha Gaya||500||125|
|Buddha Gaya to Rajgir Car||3000||750|
|Breakfast at Gehlaur (Dashrath Manjhi)||100||25|
|Sonbhandar guide Charge||100||25|
|Santistupa shopping and Tiffin||200||50|
|Hotel with tanga||100||25|
|hotel room for 2 days||3200||800|
|Hotel food for 2 days||3000||750|
|Nadalda side see||1000||250|
|Tanga ride for Nalanda side seen||200||50|
|Last day side seen with tanga||500||125|
|Guide (Rajgir All side)||200||50|
|Rajgir to baktiarpur local train||140||35|
|Dinner AT TRAIN||600||150|
|Bakhtiyarpur to Kolkata station||2400||600|
Places to Visit in Bodh Gaya Temple Bihar
First, visit Sujata Garh also call sujata stupa. This is basically a sacred place so the place is neat and clean. After covering this place, we came at Buddha Gaya Museum.
After that, we had some snacks and done some shopping in the roadside market. In that place, there is also two beautiful monastery called Chinese Buddhist Monastery and Thailand Buddhist Monastery.
We stopover both places for visit and again we hired an auto rickshaw and went to Tirupati shopping complex. In that place, we completed our lunch at the Tirupati food centre.
After that, we visited 80 feet Buddha Statue in bodhigaya . The Statue is the prime attraction in bodhgaya.
From there on we back to our Hotel in the evening. In our hotel the dining facility was not available in that day, we arranged dinner from some outside restaurant. So at the end of the day, our first day had awesome and we enjoyed a lot.
On 20th March our next day journey started. That day we had to travel Gaya. This is also a prime location for Buddha Gaya tour.
At the early morning, we had completed our breakfast and begun our journey. We booked an auto rickshaw for 250 rupees for Gaya. In Gaya, the main attraction is Vishnupad Mandir. This temple is situated west side of Falgu river. The place carries significance for Hindu religious. All the spiritual ceremony has organised after the death of a people to give the peace to their soul. Also, some rituals are performed in that place to give the peace to their ancestor’s soul. From the name of ‘Gayaasur’, this place name is Gaya. According to Hindu Mythology here the Lord Vishnu kept his foot on the head of Gayasur and that foot marks are still there in that temple.
Then our next stop was Mangla Gouri Temple. On Tuesday this place had overcrowded for puja. That’s why we couldn’t see the idol in this temple. So we rome the whole temple. Then we went the main market of Gaya. There is nothing special, it’s just similar to any market of Kolkata. We completed our lunch in the Gaya market area. Thenceforth we booked an auto and back to our place.
After backed to our hotel we had taken some rest and in evening we again hunting some new places in Buddha Gaya. In the evening we visited two Monasteries and Buddhist Mediation centre, this meditation centre is basically a Buddhist School where children are learning about the Buddhist culture and Rituals along with the traditional education. From there we took a toto and went to the Main temple of Buddha Gaya. Before entering that place we have to submit our shoes, phone camera etc in the nearby stall. There are many shops where you can put those stuff at free of cost. If you wish you can carry a camera then the fee was 100 rupees.
Gaya Bodh gaya travel guide India
The Sujata Garh is the brick stupa was constructed to commemorate the residence of Sujata. The maiden, who offered milk and rice to Lord Buddha. It has been established through excavations, which yielded an inscription of the 8th to 9th century AD. Reading as devpala rajasya Sujata griha. Excavations by archaeological survey of India 1973-74 and again in 2001-06 have exposed the double terraced circular stupa with ayakas in cardinal directions. It was constructed in three phases from Gupta to Pala period. There was a wooden railing around the Pradakshinapath at the ground level. The entire structure was originally plastered with lime. Some of the antiquities unearthed during excavations are displayed in Bodhgaya Museum maintained by archaeological survey of India.
Archaeological Museum in Bodhgaya
Bodhgaya is one of the most venerated pilgrimage centres for the Buddhist as Lord Buddha had attained Supreme Enlightenment at this place. Archaeological Museum, Bodhgaya was established by Archaeological Survey of India in 1956 for better preservation of priceless antiquities brought from the Mahabodhi Temple complex.
Bodhigaya Museam Main Attraction
The greatest attraction of the museum is the stone railing which once enclosed the Bodhi Tree and the Mahabodhi Temple. Made of Sandstone and granite, these pillars belong to the Sunga (2nd-Ist Century B.C.) and early medieval (6th-7th Cent. A. D.) Periods, respectively. The pillars have sculptured panels and medallions at both faces representing themes from Jataka, Live-Events of Lord Buddha, zodiac signs, folk scenes etc. Some of the pillars also bear inscriptions.
The museum houses remarkable sculptures of Pala period (8th-l2th Cent. A. D.). Significant amongst the Sculptures of Buddhist faith are images of Lord Buddha in different attitudes, Maitreya, Manjusri, Padmapani, Tara and Jambhala. In addition, Images of Brahmanical affiliation is also displayed representing Vishnu, Surya, Urna Mahesvara, Genesa, Kamdeva, etc.
A special attraction of the museum is the display of antiquities unearthed During excavations conducted by Archaeological Survey of India at Bakraur village situated one km. east of the Mahabodhi Temple on the opposite bank of Niranjana river which has revealed a brick Stupa built in memory of Sujata, the maiden who has offered sweetened milk-rice to Lord Buddha before his Enlightenment.
Archaeological Museum in Bodhgaya Entry Fee
rupees 10 per person and below 15 years of age entry free
Archaeological Museum in Bodhgaya Opening Time
09.00 a.m. to 05.00 p.m. ticket sold upto 04.45 p.m. and the museum closed on Friday .
The Chinese Buddhist Temple
The white Chinese Buddhist Temple styled after Indo-Chinese architecture and Built-in 1945. The idol of Buddha is an importation from China. They are collecting the name of pilgrims for chanting their name at the time of prayer.
Tibetan Buddhist temple in Bodhgaya mandir bihar
The Tibetan Buddhist temple is just near to Mahabodhi Temple. This is the main temple of Tibetan Buddhist. The Tibetan Buddhist temple has a large number of rooms for the lodge. but This temple has limited access for rooms and lodge. The temple is under Himyaana Community of Buddhist. In the temple, you can interact with monkes and there explain about the temple and about load Buddha, about the prayers etc.
The great 80 feet Buddha Statue
The Great Buddha Statue (Daibutsu-in Japanese) is the unique symbol of Bodhgaya. It get the honour as the holiest place by the Buddhists. All over the world in order to pay homage to the enlightened one and to propagate his teachings and to mark as a symbol of peace and happiness- the daijokyo sect of Nagoya, Japan erected this great Buddha state in meditation pose (dhyana mudra) seated on a lotus in the open air.
The statue is a patchwork of blocks of blocks of pink sandstone, the lotus of yellow sandstone and the pedestal of red granite stone. Beside the great Buddha statue, there is 10 statues of the buddha disciples have been established.
The statue made one of the famous artists of Kolkata. It took four years to complete the statue.
The great 80 feet Buddha statue was disclosed to the public in 18th Nov 1989. The height of the statue is 64 feet, the height of the lotus – 6 feet and the pedestal 10 feet.
Gaya Travel Guide
Gaya is surrounded by 3 hills, Brahmayoni, Ramshila and Pretshila. It is one of the most prominent Hindu pilgrim centers in India. Hindu pilgrims from every part of India come at the Panchakroshi Gayakshetra with their offerings of Pinda to ensure peace for the departed souls of 12 generation of their deceased ancestors. It is said that an offering of Pinda at Gaya ensures heavenly ascent for the soul.
The Vayupurana narrates the constant feuds between the Gods and the Demons. Tripurasur was killed by Lord Shiva. Empowered with the holy blessings and boon of Brahma the mighty Gayasur attacked Heaven to avenge the slaying of his father Tripurasar, the holy demon, by Shiva. Narayan himself came to light in the war which the Gods had lost.
After fighting for about 100 years to an indecisive end Gayasura is said to have proposed peace to Narayana. As an inevitable outcome, the Divine Will of Narayana overpowered Gayasura who was turned into stone. Gaya Vishnukshetra is supposed to be the stoned head, Pithapuram of Andhra the feet, and Orissa’s Birajakshetra the navel.
Unwilling to go to the heaven Gayasur had both his desires fulfilled by Narayana, his stone image was marked with Vishnu’s footprints and it was assured that any departed soul for whom Pinda would be offered at those footprints on the stone would attain the heavenly abode. Granted at once the prayer was realized into reality. Gaya got its name from Gayasura.
Gaya Pind Daan
Since then the stonified Gayasura with Narayan’s footmarks on his head remains and the custom of offering Pinda for the heavenly ascent of the deceased’s soul is in vogue. Though in course of time 43 platforms have come up for offering Pinda, the most authentic places for the offering are the sandy banks of the Falgu, the Vishnu padapadma or the lotus feet of Vishnu and the Akshay bat or the banyan tree supposed to be immortal. Pandas or priests are available to sanctify the Pindadan offering of Pinda. Requisites are available at the market close by. Yet it is better to opt for the arrangements made by Bharat Sevashram to perform the ritual of offering Pinda. The Sangha also runs a Dharamshala to accommodate lodgers.
Vishnupada Temple Gaya
On the west bank of the subterranean Falgu is the Vishnupada Temple with its 30m high silver plated octagonal peak resting on 8 rows of decorated pillars.
The stone with the 40 cm long footprints of Vishnu is kept inside. it’s a sanctimonious place to the Hindu tourists. The surrounding is charming. The temple was renovated by Rani Ahalya Bai of Indore in 1787. Raja Radhakanto Dey of Sovabazar, Kolkata, was its builder. From the rail station tangas and rickshaws are available for the Temple 2.4 km away.
Climbing up the 1000 steps 1 km South West of the Vishnupada Temple, one can reach the top of the Brahmayoni hill where stands the temple of Pataleswar (Lord of the underworld) Shiva with the Akshaybat or the immortal banyan tree beneath it. Under this tree supposed to have been blessed by Sitadevi, the ritual of Pinda-dan is performed. Once upon a time, the Falgu used to flow along the plains under it. But by Sitadevi’s curse, it has been turned into a subterranean flow. To the north of Gaya is Ramshila Hill and there is the Pretshila (the spooky stone)—those whose lives are unnaturally cut short because of some accident are offered Pinda here.
Mangla Gauri temple
The Mangla Gauri Temple is the 18th Maha Shaktipeeth. In Padma Purana, Vayu Purana and Agni Purana, They all mentioned about this Mangal Gauri temple. According to various myths and traditions, the body was separated in part by part. And there are 51 pieces of Sati’s body scattered across the Indian subcontinent. And all places are called shakti peethas and all places are dedicated to several powerful goddesses. The myths are, when the shiva was returning to Kailash through this place with the dead body of Sati, that time the right breast of the Sati was fell at this spot, and there the Mangal Gauri temple has been established.
The Mangala Gauri temple is situated in 1500 AD. The temple is situated on a hilltop and the temple has a cave-like architecture.
Now for went to the temple, it is necessary to pass 200 steps. 25 years ago, 255 steps were made to cut these hills. Before the ridge way was constructed by the gaya bihar tourism the route was made with 51 blocks. Like the other shaktipeeths, here an Akhand Jyot is always lit up here. The temple complex has many other temples like Maa Kali, Ganesha temple, Hanuman and Lord Shiva temple.
There are lots of shops on both sides of the temple area, where you can find all necessary items for puja, and the local purohit can also brief you about the temple history. You should also buy ghee to offer it to the Akhand Jyoti inside the temple.
Mangla Gauri Temple VIP entry fee
Be prepared to stand in long queue. The trip should be planned to allow at least 2 hours for this place. There are200/-VIP tickets which can be bought to complete darshan in 30 mins. The idol is mostly covered with flowers due to its small size. If you give the priest a 20/- note he can show you the main idol by removing flowers. The temple is open from 6 am to 8 pm.
The temple is crowded every day but it is too crowded on Tuesday and Sundays. here Navarathri is the biggest festival and at that time a large number of pilgrims arrive.
Metta Buddharam Temple
This is the newly built Lord Budhha Temple in white colour on Sujata bypass road of Bodhgaya. It’s really a beautiful place in Bodhgaya, closed on Sunday. Blend mixture of modernity, creativity and culture. This template is decorated with small bells. And when the wind comes, from these bells there are very beautiful sounds comes from the bells. Whenever you came for Bodhgaya mandir tour, please come and visit it.
About Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
Bodhgaya mandir or the Mahabodhi Bihar is prime attraction in buddha gaya india tourism. A huge gilded statue of the Buddha is on the ground floor of the Mahabodhi Temple 60 feet wide and 180 feet high with its Pyramidal peak. The prayer hall is on the 1st floor.
The entrance to the temple is through an east facing gate styled after South Indian architectural pattern and cash in the Buddhist mould. All the four corners are marked with four towers. The temple walls bear decorative illustrations of the Buddha in several postures, ornamental lotuses, birds, different sorts of animals and the Jataka tales.
This temple is an example of ancient Hindu architecture. The stone walls of this temple are of Ashoka’s times. According to another set of opinion, this temple was built by the Sungas (184 to 172 BC).
Hiuen Tsang (635 AD) the Chinese traveller mentions this edifice in his travel accounts.
The holy image of the Buddha was an installation made since then the gold plated brass umbrella is an addition made by the renovator. In 1877 the British revived it in public.
2500 years ago Siddhartha sitting on Bajrashila under a Peepal tree on the banks of river Niranjana in the Urubilwa village, had practised religious austerity for 49 days to attain spiritual salvation on the full moon day of Baisakh. With the passage of time, Niranjana has come to be known as Falgu.
Bodh gaya tree
Urubilwas as Bodhgaya and the Peepal as the Bodhi tree. Bodhgaya is strongly reminiscent of Lord Buddha. Mahaparinirvan or enlightenment place under the Peepal tree is supposed to be the sacred seat on which Buddha sat and attained spiritual wisdom. Later on, Emperor Ashoka sent a sapling of this Peepal tree to Srilanka (Anuradhapura) with his daughter Sanghamitra and son Mahinda as escorts. After the main tree perished, a sapling from Snianka (Anuradhapwa) was bought and installed at Bodhgaya.
The Bodhi tree of today is the 4th descendant of the original tree. Buddha used to sit for meditation on the lotus-shaped Vajrayana or the Diamond Throne made of red sandstone under the tree. Footprints on the stone testify Buddha’s presence and the lotus-like drinking bowl bears the first footsteps of Buddha after he became the Buddha or the Enlightened. On the branches of the Bodhi tree, devotees fasten pieces of cloth. Buddha as the 9th incarnation of Vishnu is quite accepted and popular among the Hindus. The Sujata pool is just beside. Hearsay that Sujata, before she offered pay ash or rich custard to Buddha, had her bath in the water of this pool.
In the main temple 3 km away in the Muchlind lake. The serpent king Muchlind laid to have given shelter to the meditating Buddha from rain and storm by spreading its hood like an umbrella. Besides this lake, the ancient University of Magadha had come up. But today it is in a state of ruins.
The Mahabodhi Temple may be exquisite in Godly grace but the Bodhgaya of today has become unique with the pouring in of wealth and artistic embellishments from all over the world to celebrate the 2500th Anniversary of the Buddha.
Wat Thai Temple Bodhgaya
In 1965 Wat Thai Temple was built by Thailand king in Bodhgaya. This is the and only Thai temple in India. This temple shows the architecture of Thailand’s culture.
Wat Thai Temple has a beautiful statue of bronze statue of Buddha in the temple. Inside the monastery, the atmosphere falls on the ears of calm. Bangladesh monastery Bodhgaya is just beside of this monastery.
And we move to rajgir (click for video) next morning. In the way of rajgir we found Dashrath manjhi village.