Best Rajgir tourism Guide plan | Nalanda Pavapuri temple tour
Our holiday story – The Rajgir tour plan
After finished the entire famous place in Bodhgaya now we are moving for Rajgir tour. Check budhgaya page for the expenses.
We hired a cab last night (in Bodhgaya) for going to Rajgir. At the early morning, around 6.30 am, we check out from the hotel and started our journey. It was about 2 hour’s journey, in the way of Rajgir we stopped in a village called “Gehlaur”. The village is recognized for Dasharath Manjhi. You can found his name in the Guinness World Records because he cut a hill approx. 22 feet only with a Chisel and hammer. It takes 20 years and builds a road inside the hill. After that, the road connects Gaya in a shorter time. Earlier the villagers have to cross the village around 21 km. After making the road it was very helpful for them.
Rajgir India Points of Interest
In the same car and the same day, we reached Santa stupa in the morning around 9.30am. Here you can find the famous Rajgir ropeway connect Santi Stupa at the hilltop. The journey is adventures and risky also because it is opened cable chair car journey. Please note sitting with a child in the same chair is not allowed. It took approx 10 to 15 minutes. The ropeway ticket cost is 80 rupees. One advice, come here earlier to avoid the queue.
Next, we move to Son Vander cave, there is no entry fee at all. In this place, there is a rumor also that you can find gold here. But it is not true. Next, we move to Brahma Kund (also known as Garam Kund), which is renowned for the holy water. It is believed, it can cure several kinds of body diseases.
Finished all those places we reach Rajgir and check in to our hotel approx 12 p.m. Get refreshed, taking lunch and sleep for a while. At the evening we visited Naulakha Temple. The temple is one of the famous temples in Rajgir. In the garden premises is well maintained, also there are 3 other temples. The temple architecture and the stone engraving are really marvelous. We spent half an hour in the temple. Later we take a Tanga for Rajgir station because we need to know the local train timings. After we return to Rajgir bus stand and eating some “Idli Dhosa” and we booked a car for next day for Nalanda Pavapuri tour and return to the hotel.
Nalanda Pavapuri Temple Tourist Spot
After a tight sleep, our morning was very refreshing. We have started our Nalanda pawapuri tour from the Rajgir bus stand. It takes approx 1 hour to reach Nalanda. When we reached there, a tangawala offered us for a local ride. It was not decided in our Rajgir tour plan before. With this tanga, we visited Xuan Zang Memorial Hall first and Shilpo Gram. The entire Buddha idol factory was in Shilpo Gram. We got surprised that they are selling Buddha idol and mementoes with a very low rate. My advice is that don’t buy any showpiece, idol, memento, from anywhere in Bodhgaya. This is the right place to buy those staff.
Then we went to see “Kundalpur Jain Temple”. This temple is also exquisite and its architectural works are superb. After watching this we went to see the Black Budda. This Black Buddha is found during the excavation work of Nalanda. After seeing the black Buddha, the Tangawala dropped us to the main gate of the Nalanda Museum. In the museum photographing or making noise in the mobile is strictly prohibited.
Next, we move to Nalanda University which is just beside of Nalanda museum. A lot of guides are standing in front of the gate. It is good to pick a guide from there because they know the entire area very well and the history of Nalanda. Do not forget to bargain.
From there, we visited Pawapuri. No entry fee is there. The temple area is alluring and peaceful. It is situated at the middle of a huge lake. The entire lake was filled with lotus and many kind of birds are seen there. Spending half an hour, we returned to the hotel at 3.30pm and finished lunch. In the evening we do some shopping in Rajgir local market.
Places to visit in Rajgir India
The next day we scheduled for Rajgir local sightseen. Around 8:00 am, finished our breakfast and hired a tanga, and visit Pandu Pokhar first, then Bimbisar jail – Rath chakka stain – Manihar Math – living organisms of Amabagan – Veerayatan – Japanese Temple – Venuvan – Ajatshatru Fort, and ending of the tour. We returned to the hotel in the afternoon and finished lunch and take some rest. At the evening, we board a local train at 4.30pm from Rajgir Railway Station and reached Bakhtiarpur. From Bakhtiarpur we around 8:45 pm we got Garib Rath and reached Kolkata Station at 5.30 am.
New rajgir point Wat thai Siri. you can watch my bodhgaya tour video.
Nalanda Rajgir Tour Plan Guide
Rajgir is the most visited and famous places in Bihar. You can found historical values in the entire places. It has the oldest universities in the world called Nalanda, and some distance away from the Pawapuri, where the Mahavira Tirirankara’s took Mahaparinavna. On the other side, it has world peace pagoda, Venuvana etc. In this Nalanda Rajgir tour plan guide, you can easily get a vast idea about Rajgir.
Naulakha Temple – The Famous Rajgir tourist places in Bihar
Naulakha Temple is also known as SHREE JAIN SHWETAMBER Temple. This temple is dedicated to lord Nunisuvrat Swami. The 20th Tirthankara of Jains and contemporary of Lord Rana, here took place the four auspicious events of his life descent in mother’s womb birth renunciation and enlightenment the fifth namely salvation being at Summitshikhar (Parasnath hill) the 24.
Last Tirthankara of Jain’s lord Mahavir the contemporary of Lord Buddha spent.
Heung Tsang memorial hall at Nalanda
Heung Tsang was a Chinese monk-scholar who made a historic pilgrimage to India to study at the Nalanda University. He was a rare world citizen whose great mission was to propagate the sublime teachings of the Buddha on life and human values. Xuan Zang (Heung Tsang) (603 a.d – 664 a.d.)
Heung Tsang Memorial Hall History
The Memorial Hall as a symbol of the Indo-China friendship. The hall is dedicated to the great Monk and scholar Xuanzang. Bhikkhu Jagadish Kashyap, who the founder Director of Nava Nalanda Mahavihara first proposed about the establishment of the memorial hall. the Xuanzang Memorial Hall was initiated in January 1957, and the construction was completed in 1984. In 2001 the Memorial Hall was transferred to the Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, for its renovation, reconstruction, restoration and creative development.
It was finally Inaugurate In 2007. Nava Nalanda Mahavthara university plans to develop Xuanzang Memorial Hall as an orientation centre for national and International Buddhist pilgrims.
“The Pilgrimage Legacy of Xuanzang” illustrates the life and legacy of Hiuen Tsang who visited India during the reign of King Harsvardhana to collect Buddhist manuscripts from the ancient Nalanda University. The exhibition depicts Hiuen Tsang’s life using 18 maps and a number of up at the photographs.
Hiuen Tsang Is considered the pioneer of Buddhist archaeology In India. The excavators had identified most of the Buddhist sites In India, they had inherited most of their knowledge from Hiuen Tsang. He was a great guide and translator. His travelogue on the journey from China to India is of great significance.
XUAN ZHANG (HIEUN – TSANG)
When Buddhism was lost In the Indian subcontinent by the 14th century and travelogues of Hiuen Tsang in the mid-19th century played an important role to rediscover the lost heritage.
In the 19th century Hiuen Tsang’s work, places like Rajgir, Vaishali, Nalanda Sarnatha and Kapilavasthu were Identified and the Xuanzang memorial hall Based on those places where his work is identified.
Hiuen Tsang’s work
The Archaeological Survey of India was established In 1861 to explore and protect the findings based on Hiuen Tsang’s work. His travelogues are one of the five classics In China. In this memorial hall, the exhibition box is a result of six years of research and documentation. Depicting the complete journey and observations made by Hiuen Tsang on a single map can be achieved using the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. Nava Nalanda Mahavihara was established in 1951 to revive the cultural tradition of the ancient Nalanda University.
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara decided to narrate Hiuen Tsang’s contributions through maps In 2008. It has been organising a 13.5km walk in the Rajgir-Jethian valley In the month of December to promote awareness about Hiuen Tsang.
It is believed that the Buddha took this path to arrive at the ancient Raigriha from Jethian on being Invited by Bimbisar the then king of the Magadha Empire.
XUANZANG (HIEUN – TSANG) Memorial Hall at Nalanda Timings and entry fee
Opening and Closing Timings Remains open from 8 AM to 5 PM.
Ticket for Indian, 10 rupees per person. Free entry to the children below 15 years of age.
Ticket for Foreigner, 200 rupees per person.
Shilpo Gram nalanda
Shilpo Gram is just beside of the Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall. In Shilpo Gram the local people made Buddha statue and many other gods, the goddess in the different style. There is also lots of small selling counter, from where you can buy those souvenir at a very reasonable price. You can see all those stuff in all over the Buddhgaya and Gaya. They have all imported those replicas from here.
My suggestion is that, buy this gift item only from Shilpa Gram. Because from outside it will charge double.
Kundalpur Jain Temple
The first disciple of Lord Mahavira is Shree Indrabhuti Gautam Swami. Gautam Swami was born 607 BC in the Gobbar village. Kundalpur in the kingdom of Magadh King Shrenika. He was the child of Prithvi Devi and vasubhuti. In a short period highly intelligent child Indrabhuti became a learned scholar of 14 different high-quality pieces of knowledge like Vedas, Vedanta, Puran, Upanished etc.
The black Buddha temple is adjacent to nearby Nalanda University ruins. The temple architecture is very simple. In the temple a big idol of Lord Buddha situated. The Buddha idol is made from black basalt rock. The Buddha idol is found at the time of the excavation of Nalanda University. In front of the temple gate, some vendors sell the replica of black Buddha.
The black Buddha temple is beside Nalanda University but to reach the temple you have to book a tanga or battery rickshaw because it is in the different direction.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Archaeological Museum, Nalanda established in the year 1971. The antiquities found mainly from the excavation of the ancient site of Nalanda, supposedly the earliest university cum monastery complex, but few from Rajgir (15 km.) and from neighbouring villages of Nalanda have also been preserved.
The collection of the museum comprises of stone images and sculptures, bronzes, terracotta objects stuccos, iron implements ivory & shell Objects inscribed slabs, earthen potteries and beads of semi-precious stone etc. ranging mostly from 5th to 12th century A.D. in date. The majority of the images belong to Buddhist pantheon but those of Jain and Hindu faith arc also quite good in number. There are four galleries in addition to the Main hail Displaying representative objects of the museum.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum Opening and Closing Timings and entry fee
Remains open from 9 AM to 5 PM.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum ticket is 5 rupee per person. Free entry to children below fifteen years of age
Nalanda University Rajgir Bihar
It oldest university in the World. Nalanda to Rajgir distance is 12 km, where ruins of the great ancient university have been excavated. The University of Nalanda was founded in 5th century AD. Today Nalanda is a famous tourist place in India as well as visitors from all over the world rush into it. Though everything now has been reduced to ruins.
Nalanda Tourist Place History
Nalam means lotus and da means to confer. Lotus is the symbol of knowledge. Nalanda, therefore, means the centre for imparting knowledge. Emperor Ashoka had laid its foundations in the 3rd BC. Built-in Kushan architecture, Nalanda emerged as one of the most prominent universities in the world under the Guptas, 600 yrs after Ashok. Not only Buddhism but also literature, philosophy, the Vedas, logic, grammar, philology, rhetoric, astrology, chemistry, medicine.
The student from all over the world used to assemble here in pursuit of knowledge. Even Hiuen Tsang while on tour through India from China in 637 AD had come to Nalanda, where he studied for 5 whole years. From the account of Hiuen Tsuan, we come to know that there were 2000 teachers and 10,000 students crowded in that time and the Chancellor was Shilbhadra. He is a student of Dharmapala and him conversant in all subjects of study. From emperor Harshavardhan, Nalanda received the gift of a 26m copper image of Buddha. The University had also received 1200 villages as donations from several kings in those days. The revenue provided for the university running its programme of free education.
Nalanda Became Tourist Place
Till 1860 Nalanda remained hidden from the public eye for a long time. Nalanda the last centre of Buddhist manifestation in India was rediscovered after 20 yrs of excavation starting from 1916. Among the ruins of Nalanda, there are 11 Maths (monasteries) of red bricks, Stups, images of the Buddha, a dormitory for students, classrooms, temples, Chaityas, Sangharams and many other relics located from south to north.
Entering through the west gate straight to the south are 2 Sangharams the larger one was a classroom the smaller one a dormitory. In front of this is the 31 m high stupa (the main stupa) built by Emperor Ashoka. Since Stupas were constantly being built and rebuilt in ruins there were architectural changes as well as transformations in shape and size and so this Buddhist Stupa looks much like a Hindu temple.
The present Stupa that stands was rebuilt on the ruins for the sixth time. In the ancient to Nalanda Taradevi was the main deity for worship. There were four beautifully ornamented domes on the four corners. The remnants of two still bear witness to the fact. The inner sanctum enshrines several deities. A circular path is there within the temple.
Nalanda University Opening and Closing Timings and entry fee
Remains open from 9 AM to 5 PM.
Nalanda ticket is 10 rupee per person.
Pavapuri Jain Temple
A sinless town 35 km away from Rajgir is a great pilgrimage centre of the Jains. Pavapuri or pawapuri Jain Temple / Apapuri (city immaculate) is one of those places the Jains consider sacred. The Jal Mandir (Temple on water) on the Kamal Sarovar or Lotus Lake is quite sanctimonious. The greatest founder of the Jain religion, Mahavira Tirthankara, gave his last lecture here, took Mahaprinirvana here and buried there.
The Swetamvar temple built with white marble in exquisite architecture situated in the midst of a lake full of lotuses has lovely surroundings. Numerous birds are found adrift on the lake water. It is said that Burdwan Mahavir, the last Jain Tirthankar and Jainist preacher, attained his Nirvana here in 490 BC.
Footprints of Mahavir are there at the centre while those of his two disciples are on the left and right. On the Diwali night, the birthday of Mahavir, the cover on the footprints unveils itself and Mahavir emerges as a resurrected presence. Devotees and disciples from far and wide arrive to gain in the experience of a holy visit.
Pandu Pokhar Rajgir Bihar
Pandu Pokhar is an amusement park within a natural environment in Rajgir. This place is The amazing scenery and fun-filled activities make PANDU POKHAR. From alluring gardens to an open-air theatre. From a pond overlooking 37 feet tall bronze statue of King Pandu to a herbal maze. A park with an exclusive combo of entertainment and camping makes it an approved place for corporate events, school trip, family and other social function. Truly, a must visitable destination for a perfect vacation.
Visit Pandu Pokhar
In the park, you can realize the sophistication of nature with fun. you can States with adventurous Zipline and Zorbing. For adults, you have varieties of games like cricket in court with an automatic bowling machine, badminton court, volleyball court, horse riding, Air hockey, pool, Table tennis, foot massage, boating and other fun activities. The park is filled with fun rides, games and seasoning gardens. At the time of sunset, the display of the colourful fountains in the pond enriches the beauty of the park.
Go with IRCTC travel insurance policy
A meditation zone with a composed statue of Lord Buddha under a Peepal tree. It is a place which is a blend of nature and history to de-stress and quiets the mind. So, if your appreciation for history and nature you can visit.
In the Pandu Pokhar Park, there are 5 types of the band for entry. The different coloured bands are the different price. Minimum charge is 30 rupee and the band colour is white (weekend 40 rupees).etc.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa Rajgir Bihar
Vishwa Shanti Stupa Rajgir is a Buddhist stupa in Bihar constructed on Ratnagiri hills in 1965. The fiery-white, 40m stupa stands on Ratnagiri Hil top.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa History
Vishwa Shanti stupa Rajgir was built by the Japanese government, Buddhist community of Japan with the help of the government of India. The mission is to tribute places related significantly to Lord Buddha life and spread his message of nonviolence to the world. It is among the 80 such stupas throughout the world dedicated to Buddhism. A number of such Buddhist Stupas in India has been constructed at different places. These are often called peace pagodas because they have been built as a symbol of nonviolence after Japan became a victim of the atom bomb in the Second World War.
There are four Buddha statues around the World Peace Stupa. One is on Rajgir. The stupa is constructed with golden statues of Buddha in four stages of his life – birth, enlightenment, preaching and afterlife. the stupa is made with white marbles. The Japanese style of Buddhist architect can easily be viewed in the structure.
Chairlift Ariel Ropeway places to visit in Rajgir
One of the main attractions of Peace Pagodas or Vishwa Shanti Stupa Rajgir Bihar is a single person chairlift Ariel ropeway, through which visitors are taken to the top of the hill and in reverse. The journey takes around 15 minutes from one side. Except this, they can also use stairs which take around half an hour and There are also arrangements for people to take on the shoulders. to the top of the Ratnagiri hills. I do not recommend the path. The magnificent view of densely forested Rajgir hills, Vishwa Shanti Stupa should include every rajgir tour plan.
Chairlift Ariel Ropeway Ticket Opening and Closing Timings
Remains open from 9 AM to 5 PM.
Chairlift Ariel Ropeway ticket is 80 rupee per person.
AMRAVANA OR JIVAKA’S Mango Garden
Amraban was the pharmacy of Jibak. He was the physician of the king of Magadha. Once Buddha had come to Jibak for medical treatment. When his unfriendly cousin, Devdutta, injured him. Jivaka converted this site into a Vihara and gifted it to the Buddhist order.
Rajgir Brahma Kund or Hot Springs
Garam kund Also known as Brahma kund or Garam Pani ka Jharna, Topada or hot spring.
Topada or Hot springs in the epic Mahabharata refers to the hot water springs of Rajagriha. Legend ascribes it to the tapah (austerities) of Brahma. In Buddhist literature the main rivers of Rajagnha are called Tapoda, the waters of which were diverted to form a lake for the king. The authors of the shastras accorded great sanctity to Sarasvati river in Rajgir. Vayu Puran suggests that bathing in this river to bathing for one year in the Ganges.
In The Brahma Kund, there is individual bathing space for men and women and the water comes from Saptdhara. The hottest of the springs is the Brahmakundi where the water gushes at 45 degrees centigrade. Guru Nanak is believed to have bathed in one of these springs.
Sonbhandar Caves in Bihar
To the northwest of Maniyar math is a group of two caves known as the Sonbhandar caves. Jain saint Vairadeve built Sonbhandar caves excavated in the southern scarp of the Vaibhara hill. It is around six km from the railway station. it is believed that a treasure of gold is still hidden here. It is said that if someone engraving here, then the doors of the golden vault will be opened.
The rock in which the caves were excavated is not sufficiently homogeneous to be suitable for the excavation of caves so that the roof of the eastern one has entirely fallen off, while the roof and walls of the other one contain large cracks.
The western cave contains a doorway and a window in the southern wall. The door opening is base than at the top. The walls of the cave are straight up and then turn inwards to form the vault-shaped root. A number of short epigraphs can be seen on the inner walls,.
The second or the eastern cave stands on a lower level than the first, but there is no doubt that both were excavated at one and the same time. It was first noticed by Cunningham, who found the roof fell and the interior filled with masses of rock and earth. The debris has been cleared from the interior, and the floor is maintained at its original level. There was a roofed verandah in front of the cave as is indicated by beam holes on the outer wall and platform or courtyard in front, the brick pavement of which is still visible.
Manihar math Rajgir
A cylindrical brick shrine devoted to the worship of the Main deity of Rajagriha – The Mani Nag god. The stucco figures on the inner wall showing male and female naga figures, the terracotta serpent-hoods and Joops, the pottery that is even now characteristic of serpent-worship in east India, and, above all, the stone sculpture with naga-figures and with the name of Mani-naga occurring on it – all tent to show that the place was the centre of serpent-cult. And as the Mahabharata knows Rajagriha to be the sacred abode of Mani-naga, there is little doubt now that the modern Maniyar Math represents the place where the ancient shrine of Mani-naga once stood.
Manihar Math History
At the deeper levels in the area, there are stone buildings quite independent of the brick structures standing above. Naga (snake) worship was a distinctive feature of non-Vedic religion and Rajgir was a great centre of pilgrimage. People of Magadha regarded Nagas as generous deities who, they believed, could bring rains if properly appeased by worship. All around the main shrine the visitor will find low brick altars or platforms, circular, oblong or square. On and near one of such altars to the east of the main shrine were found scattered a large number of pottery jars, some of them being about 1.26 metres in height.
Specimens being in the Nalanda Museum. A peculiar feature of these jars is that they have stuck on, or in some cases, riveted into, their surfaces a large number of spouts. Some of which are curiously shaped like serpent-hoods, goblins and animal figures. The vessels have sometimes long necks and rounded bottoms. On some, there is a row of earthen lamps in addition to the spouts. Though there is no ancient parallel to these finds, it is interesting to note that similar jars with spouts are still now used in Bengal in the worship of serpents under the name Manasa.
The other finds in the area comprise a large number of terracotta serpent-hoods. loops of serpents, a model cottage with a courtyard in front and many other minor antiquities. Some of them are exhibited in the Nalanda Museum.
Huge pits full of skeletal remains of animals have been exposed, that makes history believe that the place was associated with human sacrifice as well. In fact, Buddhist tales picture Rajagnha as a notorious place for the supremacy of these presiding deities that reasoned them to offer protection-charm when visiting Rajagriha.
Bimbisara Jail Rajgir
Bimbisar son Ajatsatru had imprisoned Bimbiser the king of Magadh. About 1 kilometre from Maniyar Math the dethroned king was put inside a jail. After him it has come to known as the Jail of Bimbisar. The caged king selects this site for his confinement because from this jail Bimbisar wants to see the load Buddha on the Gridhrakut hill nearby. The king was assassinated in 490 BC.
The iron rings on the floor that were discovered during the initial excavation can identify the remnants of this prison.
CHARIOT WHEEL MARK AND SHELL CHARACTERS
Rath Chakra marker and Shell inscription area are under the archaeological survey of India. These Shell inscriptions found in many places in Rajgiri and North India, which are not yet analyzed. According to mythology, the Chariot wheel Mark belongs to the Mahabharata era.
When we visit this site a local guide tells us the story of the Ratha Chakka Dag, and showed us Tha Ratah Chakka Dagh, Bheem foot mark, elephant foot mark etc. in front of gate here is many vendors are selling one kind of garlic, which is used as painkiller, and wooden hair clip, sanjivani tree etc.
To the left of the spring is the Virayatan Brahmikala Mandiram. There are 95 cases with dolls in sparkling dresses illustrating the life of Mahabirwhich can be seen paying a customary charge or ‘Darshani’. A short drive from Venuvana Vihara leads to Virayatna, a Jam ashram, with a residential area and a museum.
The veerayatan is founded in 1973. The Varyayan is placed at the foot of the Vaibhagiri hills and situated on the border of Bihar state of Rajgir city, India. It covers 40 acres of area. In the last 30 years, it provided free treatment for more than 750,000 patients.
It is scrupulously clean, well lit, airy, and Surrounded by a garden of roses. Basic pathological tests. Eyeglasses, medicine, and nutritious meals are provided free of charge. In addition to eye care, the hospital hosts Orthopaedic clinics and polio camps several times a month where the patient is given prosthetic limbs free of charge.
Veerayatan also highlighted and taking action about the distribution of clothes and education. A school has been set up in the village of Lachwaad village to provide education for an uneducated community for generations.
Entry fee 20 rupee
Japanese temple Rajgir
The Japanese temple is beside the Venu Vana. This is one of the oldest Buddhist temples in Rajgir. It is the quiet and peaceful place. Just staying here for a while, it gives a lot of positive energy. The structure of the temple is also quite unique. it is very calm and soothing, inside the temple. There are some photos of HIROSHIMA &NAGASAKI. It also has huge Buddha statue in the temple premises.
Bimbisar, the king of Magadha had built the Venuhan Vihar or monastery in his pleasure-garden as a gift for Buddha to live in. This was the first gift of the king as obeisance to his preceptor. Buddha too had passed quite a number of monsoons in the Venuban.
Venuvana or the forest of Bamboos was the imperial gifted to Buddha, to make it easier for his disciple to visit him. This was the first property of the Buddha’s and favourite residences also. This place was ideal for the monastery, and the park is close to the city.
So it was useful to practice meditation, and here Sakyamuni passed the first rainy season after following his enlightenment.
Venuvana ticket Opening and Closing Timings
6 AM to 7 PM in summer and 6 AM to 6 PM in winter.
Venuban Ticket for Indian, 5 rupees per person. For child below 3 rupees.
Ticket for Foreigner, 70 rupee per person.
Ajatsaru, the son of King Bimbisar, and the king of Magadha in the 6th century B.C. during the Buddha’s time built the fort. The 6.5 sq. Metre Ajatashatru’s Stupa is also believed to have built by him at Rajgriha, the ancient capital of Magadh, even 500 yrs before the birth of Jesus Christ.
The fort is named Ajatsatru Fort. Though only one entry gate on the north is visible today, there were 32 entrances in the Past to this fortress surrounded by two strata wall with a rock-cut moat. Ruins are reminiscent.
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