Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur | Cultural festival of West Bengal 2019
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Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur
Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur is one of the prime cultural festivals of Birbhum district in West Bengal. The festival is celebrated at Santiniketan Mela Ground near to the Bolpur railway station. People come from different culture, tradition and countries to celebrate this occasion.
পৌষ তোদের ডাক দিয়েছে,
আয়রে চলে আয় আয় আয় ।।
The fair began in Santiniketan to celebrate the relationship with few Brahmo Samaj followers and the Tagore families. Today it is one of the international events which are celebrated by Bengali’s.
From this year the fair will happen for 6 days and nights with cultural programmes. You can enjoy the carnival with Baul artists, tribal dancers, local village artists and millions of visitors came worldwide.
Every year on the 7th day of the Bengali month of Poush (around 23 December), Biswa Bharati authorities organize ‘Poush Mela’ in Shantiniketan Mela ground.
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History of Shantiniketan and Poush Mela
Santiniketan earlier called Bhubandanga. Debendranath Tagore buys the land from Raipur zamindar to build Shantiniketan.
On December 21, 1843, (7 Poush of 1250 according to Bengali calendar) Debendranath Tagore with his twenty followers accepted “Brahma” religion from Ram Chandra Vidyabagish. It was the foundation day of Poush Mela in Santiniketan.
Brahma Mandir or glass temple was established in Santiniketan on 21 December 1812 (7th Poush of 1298 according to Bengali calendar). In 1894 a small fair was organized in front of the temple. On the occasion anniversary of the establishment of Brahma temple on the ground. Now, this fair attracts the attention of nearby tourists rather than the people of Birbhum district.
In the previous days, Poush Mela was held on beside of the Brahma temple (also known as Glass Temple). On that day, a firework display in the evening after evening prayers. Now due to the heavy gathering in the, it was shifted to the field in Purba Palli.
Poush Utsav started on 7th Poush- পৌষ (about 23rd December). This day in the morning first prayer stated in the Brahma Mandir, and then a prayer meeting was held in Chattimtala. After, the whole congregation came to sing in Uttarayan.
Posh Mela is characterized by the live performance of Bengali folk, especially Baul music. It includes folk songs, dance and tribal events. Students of Shantiniketan present their excellent performances and make this festival more enjoyable and fascinating.
This festival is filled with various activities every day. The last day is dedicated to those people, who are related to Santiniketan.
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Details about Poush Mela
About 1,500 stalls took part in the fair. A huge number of tourists coming to Shantiniketan in the six-day fair (around 10,000). As per Government statistics in this time tourists are coming to Shantiniketan 3,500 daily.
Poush Mela Tourist attraction
The fair is famous for combine the perfect blend of different cultures and traditions. Here visitors enjoy the rich heritage of Bengali culture with a high level of impressive and mind-blowing cultural performances.
All the student of the Visva-Bharati University, Kala Bhavan etc are celebrated this festival. Tribal Dance is a part of the cultural performance. The folk people dressed up in their traditional costumes and present their tribal art performance.
You can join the exhibition of handicrafts, not only in Bengal but also from other parts of India. There are beautiful specimens of handloom stall, you can see and buy batik print different type garments, Kantha stitches garments, metal jewellery, Dokra item, clay showpieces, number of leather items, Bengal famous ‘Tanth saree’ and many more.
The food is an integral part of Bengali culture with the pure behaviour of Bengal. Here you must try a different kind of “Pithe – Puli (পিঠে-পুলি)” like Pati sapta, Dudh Puli, Bhaja Pithe, Malpowa, Gur Pithe and many more. There you can find many kinds of sweets, spicy and salty snakes.
These Festive days are filled with interesting activities. As well as cultural activities also you can enjoy the true spirit of Bengali souls. The rural touch of the festival makes it one of the most popular events of the season.
Santiniketan Poush Mela 2019 dates
Poush Mela 2019 started on 23rd December and finished 28th December. This year the fair running for 6 days.
Places to visit in Santiniketan Birbhum
Not only the Poush Mela you can visit several places in Bolpur like
1) Gitanjali railway museum 2) Kankalitala Temple 3) Srijani Shilpagram 4) Prakriti Bhavan 5) Amar Kutir 6) Kopai river 7) Ballavpur wildlife sanctuary 8) Bisva Bharati university 10) Visva Bharati Kala Bhavan 11) Visavharati Museum 12) Khoai boner Haat or Sonajhuri hat 13. Biswa Bangla Haat 13) Kalikapur Rajbari 14) Ghurisha temple 15) Wood Fossil Park 16) Raipur Rajbari Bolpur 17) Surul Rajbari etc.
How to go to Shantiniketan from Kolkata by train
Several trains from Sealdah and Howrah reach Bolpur station every day. Local trains are also available. Reach approx 3 hours from Kolkata. ‘Bardhaman to Sealdah’ and ‘Bardhaman to Bolpur’ frequent local train is available.
Kolkata to Bolpur bus by road
Bolpur to Kolkata distance is 163 km. Kolkata to Bolpur bus service is available from Esplanade to Bolpur bus stand.
- 1st option is to take a bus for Durgapur and reach paragraph Darjeeling more, from there you will get the bus for Bolpur Shantiniketan.
- 2nd option is to take the bus for Suri get down to Ilambazar and reach Bolpur by Toto or Bus.
- The 3rd option is good for a return to Kolkata. Come to Bardhaman station by rail and reach Bardhaman bus stand(5 km from station) and get the bus for Esplanade. It’s a 2 hour 15 minutes journey.
Joydev Kenduli Mela birbhum
After the Poush Mela, Joydev kenduli mela is started in Kenduli village. Its the biggest baul mela in West Bengal started on Makar Sankranti day. You can reach Joydev kenduli by bus from Durgapur or Bolpur. See the video for the guide.
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