Puri jagannath temple history miracles story myths and facts

Puri jagannath temple photo

Puri jagannath temple history

The Shri Jagannath Temple or Sreekshetra is the main attraction in Puri. It’s a heritage of puri. During the Pruranic ages, the king of Avanti, Indradyumna belonging to the Surya god had built the temple as ordained in a dream. After its destruction, King Jajati Kesari reconstructed the temple. And the existing model was a reconstruction done by King Anangabhimdev. He did it in 1198 as an expression of his repentance of the killing of Brahmins. The construction incurred an expenditure of 5 lakh tolla of gold. Even after that, the temple flourished under the patronage of the Gajapati Kings. Every temple in Orissa follows the same pattern of construction. Biman Natmandir, Bhogmandir, Jagmohan. Puri jagannath temple history as follows..

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Jagannath god 

The Shri Jagannath Temple covering 670*640 ft is surrounded by a wall 20-24 ft high. On four sides there are 4 gates. The lion’s gate (Simhadwar), elephants gate (Hastidwar), horse gate (Aswadwar), and Khanjadwar. In front of the east-facing Simhadwar, the main gate there is the 34ft high  Arun Stambha with the  Gaduda on its top.  Both, the pillar and the motif are cut off the chlorite brought from Konark in the  18th century by the Kings of Khurda.  Two rock-cut lions are guarding the gate. Likewise, the  horse, tiger and elephant are placed by the southern, western and northern gates. The temple courtyard is up on 22  steps, the courtyard itself is 22 ft high.  The  424×315 ft wall is rectangular.  Even there are  4  gates.  The  Bhogmandir  58×56 ft is in the east.


Puri jagannath temple design

But the gate is the images of  9  planets.  The Natmandir resting on  16 pillars are 80 ft in length and 80 ft in breadth.  Jagmohan in the west is 80×120  ft. And behind it is the Biman or Baro Deul.  Even this is 80 ft in length as well as in breadth,  & its height is 192  ft.  Just after the  2nd  wall, there is a unique presentation of the  Hindu  Pantheon.

A  wide conglomeration  of  all  the pilgrim’s centres is  marked in  the  presence  of—Viswanath  of  Kasi, Ramchandra, Jay-Vijay,  Badrinarayan,  Radhakrishna,  Batokrishna, Sarbamangala,  Kali,  Suryanarayan, Pataleswar, Shitalamadhav,  Buddhadev, Gaurangadev.

An there is by the end of the Natmandir, the remnant of the pillar leaving against which Chaitnyadev used to get lost in his inner world.  Devotees still touch Shri Chaitanya’s  handprint embossed on the pillar. Hearsay that Shri Chaitanya’s physical presence simply vanished and merged into the image of the god.

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Puri jagannath temple history

On the temple wall, there are the illustrations of men and women in several exotic amorous postures.  The ornamental designs as well as the pantheon, both are attractions for the tourists.  The  pat-style  illustrations of  the  Purana-tales  on  the  walls  and  the  bas-relief works on the pillars of the temple are uniquely original.  The variety of matter and the brightness of the colour is remarkable.  Similarly  the  illustration  of  the 10  incarnations  (Dash avatar) along  the  half  of  the  wall  opposite  the  inner  chamber  of  the  temple (Garbhagriha)  is interesting. Jagannath god himself is depicted as the 9th  incarnation instead of the  Buddha. Read :-

sree-chaitanya gaudiya math puri


Shri Jagannath Temple 

On  the  be jeweled  altar  (Ratnabedi)  of  the  main  the temple there are the 7  images  that is 7  jewels  (Satratna). There are the white-faced Balaram, his black-faced  brother Jagannath god with a diamond on the forehead is with him and their yellow-faced sister Subhadra between them.  Beside them is the Sudarshan  Chakra. On  the  left  is  the  golden  Luxmi,  on  the  right  the  silver  Saraswati and at the rear Neelmadhav.  The Main deity is made of the Brahma wood.  Legend  has  it  that  Parambrahma  that is  the naval of Krishna comes a floating to Puri from Dwarka as the  Brahmadaru.

The year in which there is two new moon in the month of “Ashar” is the year to remake the Divine image.  This  is  the  Nabakalebar ceremony. To the north of the temple, outside the boundary wall is the Baikunth  (garden)  Dham, the old image of the Deity is to be buried here before the remaking of the same starts.  Read more about Puri Tourist Spot .

Jagannath painting

According to legend, the son of  Brahma, Viswakarma,  the  father  of  art  and  craft  alias Shri Jagannath dev being bound by certain conditions once came to make the image in disguise.  It was agreed that the image would be made in 21 days behind locked doors in  a secret chamber.

The maker started making the image only after he was assured of no trespassing  into his territory for these 21 days unless and until he opens the door himself.  But the queen was too impatient to wait for the full term and opened the door on the 12th day only to find an unfinished idol, whose hands and feet were yet to be made, and the maker is gone.

The king installed that unfinished images in the temple. Even  today  if  the  wood  does  not  come  afloat, someone is directed to a dream as to the place where that particular bit of wood is to be found.

Jagannath god is dressed in 21  varieties depending on the different inner constellations.  Dresses  are  also changed at different times of a day. There are various modes of worship, called Atkiya. The name of one’s 4 generations have to be registered. Rs 22.50 to 132000 can be giving as offering for puja. Lesser amounts can also be offered but Annadaan (offering of cereal) is not an  Atkiya.  There  are  6000  priests  and 20000 workers who maintain their livelihood from the temple.  There are 96  religious distinctions of birth among them.

shri chaitanya gaudiya math

shri chaitanya gaudiya math

Puri Jagannath temple kitchen 

 The largest kitchen in the world is also here in this temple. There are more than  400  cooks cooking a variety of more than 100 types of Mahaprasad  (the Bhog of the gods)  in  200 ovens, every day.  Each day 70 quintal of rice is cooked for 10000  devotees.  And during festivals and special occasions, nearly  2 and a half lakh of pilgrims and devotees get Mahaprasad. Mahaprasad can also be bought in the temple’s Anandabazar.  There is a variety of prasad available in different categories of a price.  This  Mahaprasad,  every  morsel of which has to be consumed is never spoilt.


Puri jagannath temple timings 

The temple gates are open from 6:00 am to 11:59 pm. Buying ticket one can have a close look at the Deity comfortably in the morning and evening.  However, from the new moon in the Bengali month of Asara to the new moon in the month of  Jaistha,  the God remains sick, so it is forbidden to look at him.  Functionally the image being repainted after the Snanyatra is kept behind public eye. And  for  the  period  the  god  is  sick,  pictures  are kept  for  the  public  to  represent  the  Holy  Trio.  Only  the  Hindus  are  allowed  entry  into  the  temple.

Taking photograph is strictly prohibited.  Enthusiasts can collect pictures from the Raghunandan Library just opposite.  The  non Hindus too may have a glimpse of the Holy premise from this Bhawan  (9-12-00 and  16-20-00). However, donations are expected for this by the library. The  Vishnu chakra  and  the  flag  at  the  peak  of  the  8m  the tower is visible from a long distance.  Devotees too can tie a flag after submitting the fixed/ required amount of money to the temple office.  The  Shri Jagannath Temple has been renovated at a cost of over Rupees 2  crore. Throughout the year 62 different types religious festivals in the Jagannath god temple.

More information about puri and bhubaneswar you can read Puri Tourism Guide.

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Hi..Myself Ruma Dey Baidya..live in Kolkata with joint family and I have a daughter who is 3 years old now. I am a homemaker and love to travel very much. This website is dedicated for those who love to travel. I am trying to put each and every experience what we faced in past. I am trying to serve as best as possible. Please note all the places and expenditure are personally experienced. If I can help anybody, I assumed this is my prize for it. Please feel free for any kind of information related to this blog.

7 Responses

  1. Thanks for Sharing this Great information about the Puri Jagannath Temple history. this is much helpful for travelers.

  2. Really very informative, thanks for sharing this blog

  3. Thanks for sharing information about Puri jagannath temple ….I am searching about it

  4. Thanks for sharing Great Information about Puri Jagannath temple.

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