Puri jagannath temple history miracles story myths and facts
Puri jagannath temple history
The Shri Jagannath Temple or Sreekshetra is the main attraction in Puri. It’s a heritage of puri. During the Pruranic ages, the king of Avanti, Indradyumna belonging to the Surya god had built the temple as ordained in a dream. After its destruction, King Jajati Kesari reconstructed the temple. And the existing model was a reconstruction done by King Anangabhimdev. He did it in 1198 as an expression of his repentance of the killing of Brahmins. The construction incurred an expenditure of 5 lakh tolla of gold. Even after that, the temple flourished under the patronage of the Gajapati Kings. Every temple in Orissa follows the same pattern of construction. Biman Natmandir, Bhogmandir, Jagmohan. Puri jagannath temple history as follows..
The Shri Jagannath Temple covering 670*640 ft is surrounded by a wall 20-24 ft high. On four sides there are 4 gates. The lion’s gate (Simhadwar), elephants gate (Hastidwar), horse gate (Aswadwar), and Khanjadwar. In front of the east-facing Simhadwar, the main gate there is the 34ft high Arun Stambha with the Gaduda on its top. Both, the pillar and the motif are cut off the chlorite brought from Konark in the 18th century by the Kings of Khurda. Two rock-cut lions are guarding the gate. Likewise, the horse, tiger and elephant are placed by the southern, western and northern gates. The temple courtyard is up on 22 steps, the courtyard itself is 22 ft high. The 424×315 ft wall is rectangular. Even there are 4 gates. The Bhogmandir 58×56 ft is in the east.
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Puri jagannath temple design
But the gate is the images of 9 planets. The Natmandir resting on 16 pillars are 80 ft in length and 80 ft in breadth. Jagmohan in the west is 80×120 ft. And behind it is the Biman or Baro Deul. Even this is 80 ft in length as well as in breadth, & its height is 192 ft. Just after the 2nd wall, there is a unique presentation of the Hindu Pantheon.
A wide conglomeration of all the pilgrim’s centres is marked in the presence of—Viswanath of Kasi, Ramchandra, Jay-Vijay, Badrinarayan, Radhakrishna, Batokrishna, Sarbamangala, Kali, Suryanarayan, Pataleswar, Shitalamadhav, Buddhadev, Gaurangadev.
An there is by the end of the Natmandir, the remnant of the pillar leaving against which Chaitnyadev used to get lost in his inner world. Devotees still touch Shri Chaitanya’s handprint embossed on the pillar. Hearsay that Shri Chaitanya’s physical presence simply vanished and merged into the image of the god.
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Puri jagannath temple history
On the temple wall, there are the illustrations of men and women in several exotic amorous postures. The ornamental designs as well as the pantheon, both are attractions for the tourists. The pat-style illustrations of the Purana-tales on the walls and the bas-relief works on the pillars of the temple are uniquely original. The variety of matter and the brightness of the colour is remarkable. Similarly the illustration of the 10 incarnations (Dash avatar) along the half of the wall opposite the inner chamber of the temple (Garbhagriha) is interesting. Jagannath god himself is depicted as the 9th incarnation instead of the Buddha. Read :-
Shri Jagannath Temple
On the be jeweled altar (Ratnabedi) of the main the temple there are the 7 images that is 7 jewels (Satratna). There are the white-faced Balaram, his black-faced brother Jagannath god with a diamond on the forehead is with him and their yellow-faced sister Subhadra between them. Beside them is the Sudarshan Chakra. On the left is the golden Luxmi, on the right the silver Saraswati and at the rear Neelmadhav. The Main deity is made of the Brahma wood. Legend has it that Parambrahma that is the naval of Krishna comes a floating to Puri from Dwarka as the Brahmadaru.
The year in which there is two new moon in the month of “Ashar” is the year to remake the Divine image. This is the Nabakalebar ceremony. To the north of the temple, outside the boundary wall is the Baikunth (garden) Dham, the old image of the Deity is to be buried here before the remaking of the same starts. Read more about Puri Tourist Spot .
According to legend, the son of Brahma, Viswakarma, the father of art and craft alias Shri Jagannath dev being bound by certain conditions once came to make the image in disguise. It was agreed that the image would be made in 21 days behind locked doors in a secret chamber.
The maker started making the image only after he was assured of no trespassing into his territory for these 21 days unless and until he opens the door himself. But the queen was too impatient to wait for the full term and opened the door on the 12th day only to find an unfinished idol, whose hands and feet were yet to be made, and the maker is gone.
The king installed that unfinished images in the temple. Even today if the wood does not come afloat, someone is directed to a dream as to the place where that particular bit of wood is to be found.
Jagannath god is dressed in 21 varieties depending on the different inner constellations. Dresses are also changed at different times of a day. There are various modes of worship, called Atkiya. The name of one’s 4 generations have to be registered. Rs 22.50 to 132000 can be giving as offering for puja. Lesser amounts can also be offered but Annadaan (offering of cereal) is not an Atkiya. There are 6000 priests and 20000 workers who maintain their livelihood from the temple. There are 96 religious distinctions of birth among them.
Puri Jagannath temple kitchen
The largest kitchen in the world is also here in this temple. There are more than 400 cooks cooking a variety of more than 100 types of Mahaprasad (the Bhog of the gods) in 200 ovens, every day. Each day 70 quintal of rice is cooked for 10000 devotees. And during festivals and special occasions, nearly 2 and a half lakh of pilgrims and devotees get Mahaprasad. Mahaprasad can also be bought in the temple’s Anandabazar. There is a variety of prasad available in different categories of a price. This Mahaprasad, every morsel of which has to be consumed is never spoilt.
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Puri jagannath temple timings
The temple gates are open from 6:00 am to 11:59 pm. Buying ticket one can have a close look at the Deity comfortably in the morning and evening. However, from the new moon in the Bengali month of Asara to the new moon in the month of Jaistha, the God remains sick, so it is forbidden to look at him. Functionally the image being repainted after the Snanyatra is kept behind public eye. And for the period the god is sick, pictures are kept for the public to represent the Holy Trio. Only the Hindus are allowed entry into the temple.
Taking photograph is strictly prohibited. Enthusiasts can collect pictures from the Raghunandan Library just opposite. The non Hindus too may have a glimpse of the Holy premise from this Bhawan (9-12-00 and 16-20-00). However, donations are expected for this by the library. The Vishnu chakra and the flag at the peak of the 8m the tower is visible from a long distance. Devotees too can tie a flag after submitting the fixed/ required amount of money to the temple office. The Shri Jagannath Temple has been renovated at a cost of over Rs 2 crore. Throughout the year 62 different types religious festivals in the Jagannath god temple.
More information about puri and bhubaneswar you can read Puri Tourism Guide.
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