Rabindra jayanti | 25th baisakh | Rabindranath Tagore Biography 2019
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Rabindranath Tagore biography
Rabindranath Tagore is Born in Jorasanko Thakurbari in Calcutta. The house is belongs to wealthy and cultured Brahma Brahmin family. His date of birth Is Tuesday, 7th May 1861 or 25 se Baisakh ১২৬৮ (called Rabindra jayanti). His father was Debendranath Tagore (1817-1905) and his mother was Sarada Sundari Devi (1826-1875). Rabindranath was the 14th son of his parents.
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আমি চঞ্চল হে
আমি সুদূরের পিয়াসী
ওগো সুদূর বিপুল সুদূর
তুমি যে বাজাও ব্যাকুল বাঁশরী
From these lines, we can understand that how Rabindranath loved traveling. In his whole life, he traveled much in the country, and in the abroad as well. In this brief witting, we will focus only those traveled enriched him intensively an influenced his philosophy and literary art. Later start from his childhood.
Rabindranath In the Himalayas
Poet’s father Maharshi Debendranath Tagore used to visit along in the Himalayas. Rabindranath then was a mare lad. His father approached Rabi to accompany him in the Himalayas.
Naturally, Rabi was delighted. Eagerly he was waiting for the date of journey. This was his first tour and far from Jorasanko tagore house. But one of his servants scared him. He told that train journey is very frightful. You have to hold handle very firmly, otherwise one is to be knocked out and not to be traced again.
Anyway, at last the date of journey was come he reached in Howrah station and boarded in the train. He was tensed, very fearful. Train started, and ran smoothly but nothing happened and Rabi somewhat disappointed. But that is for a while. Soon the scenery’s through the window fascinate him much. He was enraptured of his near future tour in the Himalayas.
Some month he travelled in the Himalayas with his father. This snow clad huge meditative Himalayas enchanted him, which influenced his future writings.
Rabindranath In Bangladesh
Later in his matured age for his jamindari job he had to travel extensively the Easter side of Bengal (now in Bangladesh) in the rivers mainly in Padma. This journey was very important for the sake of his literary work which enriched the literature as a whole. Travelling in the “bajra” we watched eagerly village life of that particular area. In his city life he has never seen this sort of life.
From this experience he started to write stories. It is to be mentioned that there was no short stories in Indian literature on that time. He wrote one after one splendid short stories. The little joy and sorrow of the common village people was the ingredients of these stories. The Response was great. You can find these stories in “Golpogucho”.
Rabindranath in Abroad
He travelled in Europe, America, South America, Russia and Asian countries. From this experience he wrote “Europe jatrir diary”, “Russiar chithi” and other book. He met notable persons in abroad like Albert Einstein, Helen Keller, and many others.
Albert Einstein was his close friend. Poet’s conversation with him was published. Anybody can read this today.
Influenced of traveled in his personal life
At last I must mention one incident, which is not directly related with the travel, but travel took a great role to heal is unbearable sorrow. His younger son was “Shamindranath”, the talented boy of thirteen, already he wrote some beautiful poems. He went to his maternal uncle’s house at Munger in the holidays. There he felt illness. After some days of sufferings suddenly he passed away. Hearing this news he went to Munger to do his son’s funeral work.
After completing this work he was return into Calcutta by train. He was absorbed in great sorry and unbearable shock. It was the full moon night. He was looking through the window, suddenly a though came in his mind. Nothing has been changed. The mood was same beautiful as before, the trees, the rivers all are same. The death of his soon could not do any harm to the greater world. So, why am I in a deep sorrow? I have to recover myself as soon as possible and take my role in the universe. Gradually he recovers himself and did his job attentively. Only this poet can write these immortal lines.
আছে দুঃখ আছে মৃত্যু
বিরহ দহন লাগে
তবুও শান্তি তবুও আনন্দ
তবুও অনন্ত জাগে
**A special thanks to Mr Archan Chakraborty for sharing this..
Rabindranath Tagore childhood
His mother died in 1875. Father Debendranath spent most of his life outside Calcutta during the long haul of the countryside. Rabindranath was the son of a wealthy family, yet his childhood was spent in the care of the servants. Rabindranath would have been more comfortable to walk around in the Jodhashanko house then in the garden environment of Bolpur and Panihati.
Rabindranath’s initiation ceremony was held in 1873 at the age of eleven. After the ceremony, he went out for the first time with his father in the countryside. At first, they came to Santiniketan. Then after spending some time in Amritsar in Punjab, he visited the worship system of Sikhs. In the end, Devendranath goes to Punjab (currently in the Himachal Pradesh state of India).
During this period in Bakura bungalow, he learns Sanskrit grammar, English, astronomy, from his father and Starts taking regular lessons in general science and history.
Rabindranath Tagore school life
Rabindranath Tagore did not receive any formal school education during his childhood. His education was arranged at home by home tutors. Rabindranath studied for some time in his childhood at Calcutta Oriental Seminary, Normal School, Bengal Academy and St. Xavier’s Collegiate School. But because of lack of presence in the school.
Rabindranath Tagore life history
In 1878 only seventeen years old Rabindranath went to England for the first time. Rabindranath Tagore married life started in 1883, he got married to Mrinalini Devi.Since 1890, Rabindranath started living in the zamindari estate of Shilaidah in eastern Bengal. In 1901 he established Brahmacharya in Santiniketan in West Bengal and started living there. Mrinalini Devi died In 1902, and this was the saddest moment in his life. Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur is still famous.
**I found an awesome trip by my friend Maniparna. Please check SHANTINIKETAN, THE ABODE OF PEACE
In 1905 he joined the anti-partition movement. In 1915, the British Government awarded him the knighthood. But in 1919 he left the title in protest of the murder of JalianwalaBagh. In 1921, he established an organization called Sriniketan for rural development.
Visva-Bharati was officially established in 1923 at Santiniketan. He traveled extensively in a long time and spread the message of “universal brotherhood” throughout the world. After a long illness in 1941, he died in the paternal house of Calcutta.
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Rabindranath Tagore literature
Rabindranath’s poetic literature is characterized by dynamism, painting, spiritual consciousness, tradition, nature, humanism, patriotism, philanthropy, romantic beauty, duality, language, rhythm and diversity, realization. And progress the Indian scriptures and public education and western science and art and industry philosophy had a profound influence in his writings.
Through fiction and articles, he published his opinion about society and politics. As a means of social welfare, he expressed his intention to educate rural people and educate poor people of the village.
In addition to this, he also protested against social discrimination, untouchability, religious fanaticism and religious fundamentalism. In the philosophy of Rabindranath, the human family has been specified as the origin of God.
He considered music and dance as an essential part of education. Rabindranath’s song is one of his best works. His “Sonar Bangla” and “Jana Gana mana odhinayaka Jaya hai”, is world famous, those are the national anthem of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India respectively.
Rabindranath Tagore started writing poems at the age of eight. In 1874 “Tavitabhodhini Patrika” published his “Wishallas” poem. This was his first published work.
As Rabindranath writes in his writings the life of the Bengali people, as well as the culture. He has promoted Bangla literature to the world. And he has brought the “Bangalee” to a great dignified position by promoting Bangla literature in the world.
Rabindra Bharati University
Ravindra Bharati university was established in 1962 to mark the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, who was first Indian and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. It is known as a State University, which is dedicated to promoting its ideas and thought of the Rabindranath, humanitarian, social science, art and culture.
Rabindra Bharati University has the unique feature of presenting itself as a centre for art education, fine art, language, literature and social science higher education. Emerald Bower Campus has three head teachers, art, fine arts and visual arts, where the original campus Jodasanko presents a museum and had some few (art classes like singing, painting etc.) organizes many events like Rabindranath’s birth and death anniversary or annual university convocation ceremony.
It is another tribute for Rabindranath tagore in Kolkata, which is newly created in Rajarhat Newtown. The museum enrich with his painting and other beautifull creation. Have a look.
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Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was the author of book Gitanjali. His famous poetry book, Gitanjali, was released in the year 1910. In 1913, Gitanjali (English Translation, 1912), Swedish Academy for the English translation of poetry, gave Rabindranath Tagore Nobel prize in Literature.
Rabindra Jayanti utsav celebration
The day called “Rabindra jayanti” that marks the Rabindranath Tagore birth anniversary, a great scholar and novelist. Rabindra Jayanti celebration is one of the most important festivals for people in Bengal. In the memory of the great poet-Rabindranath, cultural events and poetry poems are organized all over the city. In this day of rabindra jayanti, cultural activities were held on Jorasanko Thakurbari. Prizes are distributed that music, skits, dramas, traditional songs and dance performs at the Institute and Theater.
Rabindra Jayanti is celebrated in many schools, colleges and clubs and best Rabindra sangeet are played along with dance, drama and other cultural activities.
Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is remembered with respect and memory. The whole of West Bengal was celebrated with great enthusiasm on this day. The celebration is organized by the government as a diverse organization. Almost all school and college programs are managed based on his literary work. Rabindranath’s song sang and his poetry was recited where different programs were held. Various programs from the early morning were held in Jodasanko Tagore Bari, where he was born.
Death of Rabindranath Tagore
India’s Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore passed away in Kolkata on 7th August 1941. He was 80 at that time.
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